Monday, 20 May 2013

Shavuot: What next?

Many people know that Shavuot celebrates the time of the giving of the Torah - not as many people know what that actually entails. When we say the Torah, do we mean the Ten Commandments? The Tablets? The complete Pentateuch? And wasn't the whole thing ruined by the Golden Calf? To understand this, it is important to look at the chronology of the Jewish people's first year of freedom.

When the Jewish people prepared for the 'giving of the Torah' at Mount Sinai, today celebrated as Shavuot, they were preparing for the revelation of Hashem speaking directly to every Jewish person. Hashem was due to relate all of the Ten Commandments to the people however due to their inability to withstand His voice, Moshe took over for the last eight.

At Sinai, the Jewish people accepted the concept of the Torah and made a covenant with Hashem, as well as having a celebration to mark the occasion. Not all mitzvot had been given and many stories we find in the Torah had not taken place at this point - but that does not affect the events we celebrate as Shavuot, which are a key turning point in our history.

After the revelation, Moshe was then summoned to the top of the mountain to receive more laws and to write the two Luchot (tablets) of stone, containing the Ten Commandments. During this time, the Jewish people, who were being led by Aharon and Chur, grow anxious at Moshe's length of stay on the mountain and make a Golden Calf, which was worshipped on a festival they declared for themselves on 17th Tammuz. On this day, Moshe was already due to return from the mountain and upon seeing the celebrations, proceeded to smash the Luchot in public, an act which met with Hashem's approval. This is the root of the fast day on 17th Tammuz.

Following this incident, Moshe returns to the top of the mountain to pray for forgiveness for the Jewish people for another 40 days, returning on 29th Av. On 1st Elul he then returned to the mountain again for a third set of 40 days to re-write the Luchot a second time. On 10th Tishrei Moshe brought the Second Luchot down and the  Jewish people had atoned for their earlier sin. This date is now celebrated as Yom Kippur, a day where the Jewish people gain atonement for all sins.

After a summer that had not gone to plan, the Jewish people then went to work on building a home for Hashem in the desert - the Mishkan - which is one of the reasons why we celebrate the festival of Sukkot. Sukkot is the last in the series of biblical festivals and we can now see a clear historical linkage connecting it with the first festival, Pesach.

Each year as we celebrate or commemorate Pesach, Shavuot, 17th Tammuz, Yom Kippur and Sukkot we are reliving the momentous events of the first year of freedom for the Jewish people. It is important to not just see these festivals as merely marking an individual event but to appreciate how they fit together in the wider context of Jewish history.

Wednesday, 8 May 2013

All in a day's work

I would like to share with you 10 things that happened during my day at work in King Solomon High School.

1. We organised a Shacharit minyan for Yom Yerushalayim attended by all the Jewish Studies teachers, the Deputy Head, students from Year 8 till Year 13 - and led by the Headteacher.

2. There was a Yom Yerushalayim breakfast for the minyan goers - smoked salmon and cream cheese bagels obviously - and everyone was given a 'super davener' novelty sticker!

3. Jewish music in the hall to celebrate Yom Yerushalayim, featuring Matisyahu amongst others!

4. The regular Mincha continued with some students coming back for more tefilla - there was a good minyan, as there has been every time since it started (students have the choice to daven - Mincha is at the end of lunch break with no incentives - apart from super davener stickers!). Mincha was led by a sixth former, his second time as Chazan.

5. Year 11 went on study leave today and in the leaving assembly, there was a slideshow of all the pictures - many of which were taken on the Israel trip and on Purim.

6. There was a leaving BBQ for Year 11 provided for the school - a chance to say goodbyes properly before exams.

7. I had a conversation with a student who wants to go to yeshiva.

8. Year 9 students spontaneously joined in the singing of Yerushalayim Shel Zahav in a lesson about Jerusalem.

9. One leaving student said to me that they feel that KS is not just a school but a real community - not a cliche, but his genuine thoughts.

10. I had a meaningful conversation with my Head of Department in which we agreed that our purpose as Jewish Studies teachers is unique because it doesn't end when students leave the school. We will always be living role models, hopefully in contact with students in the future. Our job can never be completed - we can always continue to develop our Jewish pride, learning and identity.

These 10 things made me realise how important Jewish schools are as I reflected on what the students have come out with as a result. King Solomon High School is allowing the young Jews of North East London and Essex the chance to create meaningful friendships with like-minded people, nurtured in an Orthodox, Zionist, Jewish environment. When the final message from the Headteacher to the leaving cohort is a Dvar Torah based on Pirkei Avot - Know from where you came and where you are going - you see the greater picture of what has been achieved.

If you are a KS student reading this, be proud to continue your Jewish journey and let it flourish and develop as you continue to identify as Jews and learn more about what it means to have the gift of being Jewish.

If you are anyone else - this is what kind of a school King Solomon is. We should be proud to have it in our community.